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Branched natural fibrous composites for improved technical components

Member of the SPP1420 from 2009 till 2015

Abstract

The major goal of this project is the development of structurally optimized, branched fibrous compound structures for technical use as lightweight construction elements with a high load-bearing capacity inspired by hierarchically organized, branched plant structures. The biological role models for these elements are the ramifications of selected plant species with a pronounced fibre-matrix-structure (see section 2.1), optimised in the course of biological evolution under various kinds of static and dynamic loads. It could be shown in project phase 1 (see section 2.1) that stem-branch attachments in Dragon trees (Dracaena spp.) and different Freycinetia-species (both arborescent monocotyledons) and branched columnar cacti possess a high potential for transfer into technical adaptation. Further analysis of the hierarchical composition at the branching regions (structuring and multiscale mechanics of branching regions on various hierarchical levels, arrangement and orientation of fibre-/wood-bundles and fibres, internal structure of the wood fibres) and evaluation of the mechanical significance of the specific arrangement of fibre-/wood-bundles and fibres by means of modern state-of-the-art material testing and simulation techniques (section 3.2), will allow to adjust and modify the customised manufacturing processes developed in phase 1, and to further develop the already started manufacture of innovative fibrous compound structures inspired by biological models.

Publications

Peer-Reviewed Publications

  • Schwager, H., Neinhuis, C. and Mauseth, J.D.: Secondary Growth of the Leaf and Bud Traces in Hylocereus undatus (Cactaceae) during the Formation of Branches or Flowers. International Journal of Plant Sciences 176, 762-769 (2015).
  • Haushahn, T., Speck, T. and Masselter, T.: Branching morphology of decapitated arborescent monocotyledons with secondary growth. American Journal of Botany 101, 754-763 (2014).
  • Masselter, T., Haushahn, T., Schwager, H., Milwich, M., Müller, L., Boehm, H., Gude, M., Gruhl, W., Hufenbach, W., Neinhuis, C. and Speck, T.: From natural branchings to technical joints: branched plant stems as inspiration for biomimetic fibre-reinforced composites. Journal of Design and Nature and Ecodynamics 8, 144-153 (2013).
  • Müller, L., Milwich, M., Gruhl, A., Böhm, H., Gude, M., Haushahn, T., Masselter, T., Schwager, H., Neinhuis, C. and Speck, T.: Biomimetically optimized branched fiber composites as technical components of high load capacity. Technical Textiles 56/5, 231–235 (2013).
  • Müller, L., Milwich, M., Gruhl, A., Böhm, H., Gude, M., Haushahn, T., Masselter, T., Schwager, H., Neinhuis, C. and Speck, T.: Biomimetisch optimierte verzweigte Faserverbundstrukturen mit hoher Tragfähigkeit. Melliand Textilberichte 2, 88-93 (2013).
  • Schwager, H., Masselter, T., Speck, T. and Neinhuis, C.: Functional morphology and biomechanics of branch-stem junctions in columnar cacti. Proceedings of the Royal Society London B 280, 0132244.http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2013.2244 (2013).
  • Haushahn, T., Schwager, H., Neinhuis, C., Speck, T. and Masselter, T.: Plant ramifications as inspiration for branched lightweight composites. Bioinspired, Biomimetic and Nanobiomaterials 1, 77 – 80 (2012).
  • Hufenbach, W., Gude, M., Cichy, F., Danczak, M., Neinhuis, C., Schwager, H.: Simulation of branched biological structures for bionic inspired fibre-reinforced components. Kompozyty/Composites 11, 304-309 (2011).
  • Masselter, T., Eckert, S. and Speck, T.: Functional morphology, biomechanics and biomimetic potential of stem-branch connections in Dracaena reflexa and Freycinetia insignis. Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology 2, 173-185. (2011).
  • Masselter, T., Schwager, H., Milwich, M., Gude, M. and Speck, T.: Optimierte Knoten: Verzweigte bio-inspirierte technische Faserverbundsysteme. KEM, Sonderheft S1, Juni 2010, 60–61 (2010).
  • Masselter, T., Schwager, H., Milwich, M., Gude, M. and Speck, T.: Verzweigte bio-inspirierte technische Faserverbundstrukturen. KEM, Sonderheft Energie S1, 60-61 (2010).
  • Schwager, H., Haushahn, T., Neinhuis, C., Speck, T. and Masselter, T.: Principles of branching morphology and anatomy in arborescent monocotyledons and columnar cacti as concept generators for branched fibre-reinforced composites. Advanced Engineering Materials / Advanced Biomaterials 12, B695-B698 (2010).

Proceedings and Book Chapters

  • Masselter, T., Hesse, L., Leupold, J., Spengler, N., Korvink, J. and Speck, T.: Using MRI for analysing the anatomy and biomechanics of monocotyledons. – In: Yamamoto, H., Morita, M. and Gril, J. (eds.), Proceedings of the 8th Plant Biomechanics Conference, Nagoya. Nagoya, Japan (2015). (published on CD)
  • Masselter, T., Bauer, G., Thielen, M., Speck, O. and Speck, T.: Bio-inspired materials and structures: a case study based on selected examples. In: G. Yang (ed.), Bioinspired Materials Science and Engineering, xxx – yyy. John Wiley & Sons. (invited publication) (2015).
  • Masselter, T., Barthlott, W., Bauer, G., Bertling, J., Cichy, F., Ditsche-Kuru, P., Gallenmüller, F., Gude, M., Haushahn, T., Hermann, M., Immink, H., Knippers, J., Lienhard, J., Luchsinger, R., Lunz, K., Mattheck, C., Milwich, M., Mölders, N., Neinhuis, C., Nellesen, A., Poppinga, S., Rechberger, M., Schleicher, S., Schmitt, C., Schwager, H., Seidel, R., Speck, O., Stegmaier, T., Tesari, I., Thielen, M. and Speck, T.: Biologically inspired products. In: Bar-Cohen, Y. (ed.), Nature based Innovation, 377-429, Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton, London, New York (2012).
  • Masselter, T. and Speck, T.: Biomimetic fibre-reinforced compound materials. In: George, A., (ed.), Advances in Biomimetic, 185-210, Intech, Rijeka (2011).
  • Cichy, F., Gude, M., Hufenbach, W., Ullrich, H.-J., Chlebus, E., Roczniak, P. and Boratyński, T.: Analysis of biological branched structures for bionically inspired fibre-reinforced components, Conference proceedings, E-MRS Fall Meeting 2010, Warzaw, 13.-17. Sept. 2010.
  • Masselter, T., Haushahn, T., Cichy, F., Gude, M. and Speck, T.: Ramifications in Plant Stems as Concept Generators for Branched Technical Fiber-Reinforced Composites. In: WCB 2010, IFMBE Proceedings 31, 36–39, Lim, C.T. & Goh, J.C.H. (Eds.), Springer, Heidelberg, Germany (2010).
  • Masselter, T., Haushahn, H., Schwager, M., Milwich, M., Nathanson, R., Gude, M., Cichy, F., Hufenbach, W., Neinhuis, C. and Speck, T.: Biomimetic fibre-reinforced composites inspired by branched plant stems. In: Brebbia, C.A. (ed.), Design and Nature V, 411 – 420, WIT Press, Southampton, Boston (2010).
  • Speck, T.: Innovative bionische Materialien: Leichtbau, Dämpfung, Haftung und Selbstadaption nach dem Vorbild der Natur. Proceedings 6th Materialica Congress: Composites in Automotive and Aerospace 2010: 22 S., München, Munich Expo, Germany (2010). (published on CD)
  • Speck, T.,  Masselter, T., Speck, O., Haushahn, T., Neinhuis, C., Schwager, H., Milwich, M., Nathanson, R., Gude, M., Cichy, F. and Hufenbach, W.: Verzweigte Faserverbünde nach dem Vorbild der Natur. Proceedings of the Denkendorfer Symposium „Bionik und Faserbasierte Werkstoffe“: 21 S., Institut für Textil- und Verfahrenstechnik (ITV) Denkendorf, Germany (2010). (published on CD)
  • Masselter, T. and Speck, T.: From stems to sticks - what can we learn for biomimetics from natural fibre-reinforced structures. In: Thibaut, B. (ed.), Proceedings of the 6th Plant Biomechanics: 357 – 366. ECOFOG, Cayenne, French Guyana (2009). (published on CD)

 

Conference Contributions

  • Speck, T., Masselter, T., Poppinga, S., Thielen, M., Bauer, G., Bunk, K., Hesse, L., Schmier, S., and Westermeier, A.: Fibres in Biology and Technology: Smart Fibre-Reinforced Materials and Structures Inspired by Plants and Animals. 17th European Conference on Composite Materials (ECCM17), Munich, Germany (26.-30.06.2016)
  • Hesse, L., Masselter, T., Spengler, N., Korvink, J., Leupold, J. and Speck, T.: MRI allows new insights into the biomechanics of Dragon-Tree ramifications. EURO Bio-inspired Materials 2016, Potsdam, Germany (22.-25.02.2016)
  • Hesse, L., Masselter, T., Spengler, N., Korvink, J., Leupold, J. and Speck, T.: Using MRI for analyzing the anatomy and biomechanics of monocotyledons. 8th Plant Biomechanics Conference, Nagoya. Nagoya, Japan (04.12.2015).
  • Masselter, T., Bunk, K., Hesse, L. and Speck, T.: Branchings in Nature and Technics. TRR141 Conference Stuttgart (12.11.2015)
  • Schwager, H. and Neinhuis, C.: Funktionsanatomie und Entwicklung der Blatt- und Zweigspuren in Kakteenverzweigungen. 3. Holzanatomisches Kolloquium, Dresden (02.10.2015).
  • Schwager, H., Hesse, L., Masselter, T., Speck, T. and Neinhuis, C: Alternative Gestaltungskonzepte für verzweigte Faserverbundstrukturen nach dem Vorbild pflanzlicher Verzweigungen. Werkstoffwoche 2015, Dresden (15.09.2015).
  • Schwager, H. and Neinhuis, C.: Functional anatomy, biomechanics and development of cactus ramifications. 21st Congress of the European Society of Biomechanics 2015, Prague (08.07.2015)
  • Hesse, L., Masselter, T., Spengler, N., Korvink, J. and Speck, T.: Insights in 3D structure and biomechanics of plant ramifications via MRI. Annual conference of the Scociety of experimental Biology, Prague (30.06.2015)
  • Gude, M.; Gruhl, A.; Böhm, H.; Hufenbach, W.: Bionically inspired design and technological implementation of lightweight structures with braided fiber reinforcement. 8th Aachen-Dresden International Textile Conference, Dresden (27.-28.11.2014).
  • Schwager, H., Masselter, T., Speck, T. and Neinhuis, C.: Vom Kakteenholz zur bionisch optimierten Faserverbundstruktur. 11. Bionik-Kongress 2012, Bremen (26.-27.10.2012).
  • Schwager, H. and Neinhuis, C.: Functional Branching Morphology of Arborescent Columnar Cacti. 7th Plant Biomechanics International Conference 2012, Clermont-Ferrand (20.-24.08.2012). Bets Poster Award in the session Tree & Tools 2
  • Schwager, H., Haushahn, T., Neinhuis, C., Speck, T. and Masselter, T.: Functional Branching Morphology of Arborescent Monocotyledons and Columnar Cacti. European Congress on Advanced Materials and Processes 2011, Montpellier, (12.09.2011).
  • Schwager, H. and Neinhuis, C.: Morphological and Anatomical Load Adaptations of Cactus Ramifications. Society for Experimental Biology Annual Main Meeting 2011, Glasgow, (04.07.2011).
  • Cichy, F., Gude, M., Danczak, M., Hufenbach, W., Schwager, H. and Neinhuis, C.: Simulation of branched biological structures for bionic inspired fibre-reinforced components, COMPOSITES 2011 - Theory and practice, Spała, Poland, (27.-29.4.2011).
  • Cichy, F., Gude, M., Hufenbach, W., Ullrich, H.-J., Chlebus, E., Roczniak, P.and Boratyński, T.: Analysis of biological branched structures for bionically inspired fibre-reinforced components, E-MRS Fall Meeting 2010, Warzaw (13.09.-17.09.2010).
  • Haushahn, T., Speck, T., Masselter, T., Milwich, M. and Nathanson, R.: Plant ramifications as role models for branched biomimetic fibre-reinforced composites. MSE, Darmstadt (24.08.-26.08.2010).
  • Schwager, H. and Neinhuis, C.: Branched Fibre Compound Structures Inspired by Columnar Cacti. Materials Science and Engineering Congress 2010, Darmstadt, (24.08.2010).
  • Masselter, T., Haushahn, T., Cichy, F., Gude, M. and Speck, T.: Ramifications in Plant Stems as Concept Generators for Branched Technical Fiber-Reinforced Composites. 6th World Congress of Biomechanics (WBC), Singapore (01.-06.08.2010).


Patents

  • Gruhl, A., Hanke, U., Seliger, T. Hufenbach, W., Lepper, M. and Renner, O.: Mechanische Vorrichtung zur Realisierung einer Öffnung mit veränderlicher Öffnungsweite. Patent DE 10 2011 006 647.0 (date of publication: 22.05.2014).
  • Dullenkopf, D., Gros, T., Kornprobst, W., Speck, T., Speck, O., Masselter, T., Milwich, M. & Neinhuis, C.: Kraftumlenkung in Faserverbundbauteilen. Patent DE 10 2009 043 103 ( date of publication 31.03.2011. (also international PCT/EP2010/005566 - Fibre Composite Structure).
Projects
 
Sponsors and Hoster